Mind your habits with the Habits of Mind as your focus. Authors Arthur Costa and Bella Kallick (2000) have worked with this idea of habits of mind for years and organized their research around the following 16 habits that they feel are in today’s world with the fundamental principle that learning is a behavior. (Taken from ASCD PDonline.) Notice, as I list these habits, most of the links I provide are to past posts from this blog indicating to me a major theme in educational thinking and research today. That theme: it’s not so much what you know, it’s how you act. Review the 16 Habits and ask yourself: do the children I support act this way? Do I act in this manner? Let it be an important focus for a way of being that we are…
- Persisting – some would call this “stick-to-itiveness“.
- Managing impulsivity – “Take your time. Think before you act. Remain calm, thoughtful, and deliberate.”
- Listening with understanding and empathy – Covey would call this Habit 5, Seek First to Understand, Then to be Understood. Check out my post from a few weeks ago entitled Blend Empathy and Curiosity and See the Miracles.
- Thinking flexibly – “Look at a situation another way. Find a way to change perspectives, generate alternatives, and consider options.”
- Thinking about thinking (metacognition) – Here’s a post about The Gift of Metacognitive Moments.
- Striving for accuracy – Remember, thought, perfection is unattainable (see Roy McAvoy, Tin Cup video below).
- Questioning and posing problems – Teach Questions, Not Answers.
- Applying past knowledge to new situations – prior knowledge is a key foundation to all learning.
- Thinking and communicating with clarity and precision – “Be clear. Strive
for accurate communication in both written and oral form. Avoid overgeneralizations, distortions, and deletions.”
- Gathering data through all senses – “gustatory, olfactory, tactile, kinesthetic, auditory, and visual.”
- Creating, imagining, and innovating – What Leads to Innovation?
- Responding with wonderment and awe – Awe not Aww!
- Taking responsible risks – “Venture out. Live on the edge of your competence.”
- Finding humor – find moments to laugh with enjoyment, even at yourself, though not at the expense of others. Making “Joy” our School Culture
- Thinking interdependently – Give These Collaborative Team Roles a Try!
- Remaining open to continuous learning – this starts with humility (knowing you don’t know). Do You Have the Right Instincts?
Want to read about teaching the Habits of Mind? Check out ASCD PDonline to get you started.
Watch a quick clip from the movie Tin Cup. What Habits of Mind does Roy McAvoy invoke in his golf game?
And finally, below is an eight minute interview where Art Costa discusses some of the research and evidence supporting Habits of Mind.